World Food Day 2021 – October 16


The United Nations(UN)’s World Food Day is annually observed across the globe on October 16th to create awareness about the section of people across the globe that suffer from extreme hunger and the need to ensure healthy diets for all.

The day commemorates the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations(FAO) on 16th October 1945.

• 16th October 2021 marks the 76th anniversary of FAO.

 

The theme of World Food Day 2021 is “Our actions are our future- Better production, better nutrition, a better environment and a better life”.


International E-Waste Day 2021 – October 14

International E-Waste Day (IEWD) is annually celebrated across the globe on October 14th to create awareness about the hazards of Electronic-waste (e-waste) and to promote the proper way to dispose of e-waste.

• International E-Waste Day is annually organised by the WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) Forum, an international association representing forty producer responsibility organisations across the globe.

• 14th October 2021 marks the observance of the 4th edition of IEWD.

 

The theme of IEWD 2021 is “Consumer is the key to Circular Economy!”.
PM Narendra Modi Launched 7 DPSUs Carved out of OFB; E. R. Sheikh Became 1st Director-General of the Ordnance Directorate


On October 15, 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the 7 new Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) that were carved out of the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and dedicated them to the nation. Key Facts about 7 DPSUs:

i.The 7 DPSUs include – Munitions India Ltd (MIL), Armoured Vehicles Nigam Ltd (AVANI), Gliders India Limited (GIL), Advanced Weapons and Equipment India Ltd (AWE India), Troop Comforts Ltd (TCL), Yantra India Ltd (YIL), and India Optel Ltd (IOL).

ii.The 7 DPSUs started business on October 1, 2021, with an objective to transform OFB’s into productive, and profitable assets, and improve expertise in the product range.

 

S.no

Name of the DPSU

Details

1

AWE India

It is based in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (UP); involved in the manufacturing of small arms and weapons for the armed forces and police. It has got defence orders worth Rs 4066 crore.

2

AVANI

It is located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and has been given a contract for defence goods worth Rs 30,025 crore, the highest among all the 7 new DPSUs.

3

GIL

It is also based in Kanpur, UP; involved in the manufacture of textiles.

4

IOL

It is Headquartered in Dehradun, Uttarakhand; involved in manufacturing of electrical machinery and apparatus.

5

MIL

It is based in Pune, Maharashtra, and works to manufacture general-purpose machinery.

6

TCL

It manufactures wearing apparel (clothing) (except those made of fur). It is also based in Kanpur, UP.

7

YIL

It is based in Nagpur, Maharashtra, and manufactures components such as shells of ammunition. It has inherited OFB assets worth Rs 11,000 crores.

 

-E. R. Sheikh Assumed Charge as 1st Director-General of the Ordnance Directorate

The 1984 batch Indian Ordnance Factory Service (IOFS) officer, E.R. Sheikh assumed charge as 1st Director-Generalof the Ordnance Directorate (Co-ordination and Services), which is the successor organization of OFB.


India’s Steel Ministry Signed MoU with Russia’s Minister of Energy for Collaboration in Coking Coal Sector


Ministry of Steel, Government of India(GoI) and the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for collaboration in the mining and steel sectors, with special focus on coking coal, in Moscow during the Russian Energy Week(REW)13-15 October 2021.

• The MoU was signed by Ram Chandra Prasad Singh, Union Minister of Steel, India and Nikolay Shulginov, Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation
• The MoU was signed during Ram Chandra Prasad Singh’s 2-day visit to Moscow.

This is a part of India’s National Steel Policy 2017 under which the India aims to reach 300 million tonne steel production by 2030.
Objective: Collaboration in coking coal used in steel making and Research and Development (R&D) in steel sector.

 

India Worst-hit in TB elimination – ‘Global TB report’ by WHO


On 14th October 2021, the World Health Organisation (WHO) released the ‘Global TB report’ for 2021, where it highlighted the effects of COVID-19 which led to a huge reversal in the progress of Tuberculosis (TB) elimination. The report also mentioned India as the worst-hit country in TB elimination, where the detection of new TB cases saw a huge impact in 2020.

• A dramatic reduction of 20% TB cases were witnessed in 2020 as compared to 2019, ie; a gap of 4.1 million cases.
• The progress in TB detection has gone back to the levels of 2012, with India accounting for 41% of the total case drops in 2020.

Note – Lakshadweep is India’s 1st TB free Union Territory, which is inline with India’s target of eliminating TB by 2025.

Indian Army Team wins Gold in ‘Exercise Cambrian Patrol 2021’

Indian Army’s Team of 4/5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) that represented India in the ‘2021 Cambrian Patrol Exercise’ has won Gold medal. The exercise was organised by the United Kingdom (UK) Army between 13th – 15th October 2021 at Brecon, Wales, UK.

• Exercise Cambrian Patrol is an annual international military exercise conducted to test the ultimate human endurance, thus it is sometimes referred to as the ‘Olympics of Military Patrolling’.

i.On 15th October, the Gold Medal was presented to the Indian team by General Sir Mark Carleton-Smith, the Chief of General Staff of the British Army.
ii.The prestigious exercise saw the participation of 96 teams including top Special Forces & Regiments from 17 international teams.

Sajjan Jindal-1st Indian Appointed as Chairman of World Steel Association

The World Steel Association (WSA) appointed Sajjan Jindal, Chairman and Managing Director of JSW Steel Limited as the Chairman of WSA for the period 2021-22.Jindal will be the first representative from India to serve as Chairman of the WSA. Yu Yong, chairman of BHIS Group Ltd was heading as the chairman of Worldsteel for the last two years and he is now appointed as the vice-chairman, succeeded by Jindal.
Highlights
i.
The WSA is the main centre for steel industries. It provides global leadership on all major strategic issues impacting the industry, particularly focusing on economic, environmental and social sustainability. ii.Worldsteel members represent approximately 85% of the world’s steel production, including more than 160 steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations and steel research institutes.
iii.JSW Group’s flagship JSW Steel is India’s leading and one of the world’s most efficient integrated steelmakers.


Alexander Schallenberg Sworn in as Austria’s New Chancellor; Replaced Sebastian Kurz

Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen Presided over the Swearing in Ceremony of Alexander Schallenberg as the new Chancellor of Austria at the Hofburg palace in Vienna, Austria. Alexander Schallenberg, who is currently serving as the foreign minister, has replaced Austria’s Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, who stepped down amid corruption allegations.

• Sebastian Kurz was the youngest chancellor in Austrian history. He was first elected into office in 2017 at the age of 31.

China Launched 1st Solar Exploration Satellite and Shenzhou-13 on a 6-month Space Station Mission

China has successfully launched its 1st solar exploration satellite into space from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in northern Shanxi Province aboard a Long March-2D rocket.The satellite was named as ‘Xihe’(Xihe is the goddess of the sun who created the calendar in ancient Chinese mythology), also known as the Chinese Hα Solar Explorer (CHASE).

• The satellite has been developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).The Satellite has entered its planned orbit.

Key Points:

• The satellite will operate in a sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 517 km, with a solar space telescope as its primary scientific payload. It will help researchers observe changes in the Sun during solar flares, such as changes in its atmospheric temperature and velocity.

• The Satellite will conduct the first space exploration of solar Hα spectral imaging, is expected to improve China’s research ability in solar exploration.
• 10 small satellites, an orbital atmospheric density detection experimental satellite, and a commercial meteorological detection constellation experimental satellite were also sent into space with the use of the same rocket.
• The current launch marks the 391st flight mission of the Long March carrier rocket series.

Highlights of IPL 2021 – CSK wins 4th IPL Title

On 15th October 2021, Chennai Super Kings (CSK) under the Captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni (MS Dhoni) won their 4th IPL Title, after defeating Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) in the finals of the 14th Edition of Indian Premier League (IPL) or IPL 2021 or Vivo IPL 2021.Final was held at Dubai International Cricket Stadium, UAE.

Team Captains – CSK was lead by MS Dhoni, India & KKR was led by Eoin Morgan (Irish-born England cricketer)

Key Points:

• CSK previously won the 3 IPL finals in 2010, 2011, 2018 and the 2021 win is their 4th in the Tournament.
Stephen Fleming (New Zealand) is the Head Coach of CSK
Faf Du Plessis (South Africa), who played his 100th IPL game, was the top scorer for CSK in the finals. He was awarded the ‘Man of the Match’ award for his match winning 86 runs.
Orange Cap – Ruturaj Gaikwad (CSK) scored a massive 635 runs in 16 matches in the 14th IPL to win the Orange Cap which is given to the most run scorer of the tournament.
Purple Cap – Harshal Patel, from Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB), won the Purple Cap for picking up the most number of wickets in the current season.
• He picked 32 wickets in 15 matches, to equal Dwayne Bravo’s (CSK) 2013 record for the most wickets in a single IPL edition.

MS Dhoni becomes 1st player in the World to Captain 300 T20 games

Former Indian Captain & the present captain of CSK became the 1st player in World Cricket to Captain 300 T20 games. He is followed by Darren Sammy (West Indies) captaining 208 T20 games.

• He has captained Indian National Team, in various international T20 games, including India’s iconic T20 World Cup Victory in 2007.

• Overall MS Dhoni has played 347 T20 games.

 

News in Detail


LAST MONTHS G.K.

November 21 : 20, 18, 18, 18, 17, 17, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 08, 06, 03, 02, 01

October 21 : 30, 24, 23, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 08, 08, 07, 06, 04, 01

September 21 : 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 21 : 11, 10

July 21 : 10, 10, 09, 09, 08, 06, 05, 03, 02, 01

June 21 : 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 21 : 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 17, 17, 14, 13, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

April 21 : 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 05, 03, 02, 01

March 21 : 18, 17, 16, 15, 13, 12, 10, 10, 09, 08, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

February 21 : 27, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 15, 13, 12, 12, 11, 10, 08, 06, 03, 01

January 21 : 27, 25, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05

December 20 : 30, 29, 28, 24, 21, 18, 17, 15, 11, 07, 03, 01

November 20 : 24, 20, 19, 18, 12, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02

October 20 : 31, 30, 29, 29, 27, 26, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 06, 06, 03, 02, 01

September 20 : 30, 29, 29, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 20 : 31, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

July 20 : 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 14, 13, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 06, 04, 03, 02, 01

June 20 : 30, 27, 26, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 18, 17, 16, 13, 12, 11, 10, 09, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 20 : 30, 29, 28, 26, 25, 23, 22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 16, 14, 13, 11, 09, 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 02, 01

April 20 : 30, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 07, 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

March 20 : 31, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 09, 07, 06, 05, 04, 04, 03, 02

February 20 : 29, 28, 28, 26, 25, 24, 21, 20, 19, 18, 11

January 20 : 13