October GK 2021


Awards

The jailed Russian opposition leader who has been chosen to be awarded the European Union's Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2021 – Alexei Navalny

The director of AIIMS, New Delhi who has been conferred the 22nd Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence by the Vice-President Shri Venkaiah Naidu – Dr. Randeep Guleria


Defence

The maiden India-UK Tri-Services exercise held off the west coast of India from 21 to 27 Oct 2021 is named – Ex Konkan Shakti

The 17th edition of Indo-US Joint Military Exercise conducted at Joint Base Elmendorf – Richardson, Alaska (USA) from 15.10.21 to 29.10.21 is named – Ex. Yudh Abhyas

The Multilateral Maritime Exercise conducted by Indian Navy, Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF), Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and the United States Navy (USN) in the Bay of Bengal from 12 – 15 Oct 2021 – Exercise Malabar

The 6th edition of India - UK Joint Company Level Military Training held at Chaubatia, Uttarakhand from 07 to 20 Oct 2021 is named – AJEYA WARRIOR

The fifth edition of India–Japan Maritime held in Arabian Sea from 06 to 08 October 2021 is named – JIMEX-21

The 8th edition of India-Sri Lanka bilateral exercise conducted at Combat Training School, Ampara in Sri Lanka from 4 to 15 October 2021 is named – Mitra Shakti

 

Persons

The well-known Kannada actor, playback singer, television presenter and producer who passed away on 29.10.2021 – Puneeth Rajkumar

The Pakistani scientist known as the Father of Pakistan's Nuclear Programme who passed away on 10.10.2021 – Abdul Qadeer Khan

The TV personality well-known for his role as Ravana in the tele-serial Ramayana who passed away on 06.10.21 – Arvind Trivedi

The president of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan, who has succeeded Mr. Yoshihide Suga as new Prime Minister of Japan on 4 October 2021 – Mr. Fumio Kishida

 

Places

The venue of 16th G-20 Summit held from 30 to 31.10.2021, with the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi representing India – Rome, Italy

The country which has chosen its Governor General Dame Sandra Mason as its first ever President in its preparation to become a Republic (by removing Queen of England as its head of state) – Barbados

The place at which the world's largest flag (Indian tricolour) measuring 225 feet long, 150 feet wide and weighing (approx.) 1400 kg made by KVIC was unveiled by the Lt Gov of Ladakh Shri RK Mathur – Leh

 

Sports

The country which has won the 2020 Thomas Cup badminton championship (for men) defeating China in the finals in Aarhus, Denmark – Indonesia

The country which has won the 2020 Uber Cup badminton championship (for women) defeating Japan in the finals in Aarhus, Denmark – China

The team which has won the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) Championship defeating Nepal in the finals at Male in Maldives – India

The team which has won the Durand Cup football trophy defeating Mohammadan Sporting in the finals in Kolkata – FC Goa

 

Themes

The theme of Vigilance Awareness Week 2021 observed from 26.10.21 to 01.11.21 – Independent India @ 75: Self Reliance and Integrity

The theme of World Migratory Bird Day 2021 observed on 09 Oct 2021 (Second Saturday of October) – Sing, Fly, Soar - Like a Bird

The theme of National Wildlife Week being observed in India from 2 to 8 Oct 2021 – Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet

 

Miscellaneous

The 5-year project for deep sea exploration of rare minerals launched by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt of India is named – Samudrayaan

The new corporate name of Facebook Inc, the parent organisation of Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, Whatsapp, Workplace etc. – Meta Platforms Inc

The Tamil film directed by Vinothraj, which has been chosen to be India's official entry at the 2022 Acadmey Awards – Koozhangal

The audio-visual song "Tike se bacha hai desh" launched by the Govt of India to promote Covid19 vaccination across the country has been sung by – Kailash Kher

The Govt owned enterprise which has been conferred the status of Maharatna by the Dept of Public Enterprises under Ministry of Finance, GoI – Power Finance Corporation

The portal for senior citizens seeking employment opportunities launched by the Vice-President Shri Venkaiah Naidu is named – SACRED

The comic book character created by Pran Kishore Sharma who has been chosen to be the mascot of Namami Gange programme – Chacha Chaudhary


Right Livelihood Awards 2021

#

Name

Country

Citation

1.

Marthe Wando

Cameroon

For building a model of community-based child protection in the face of terrorist insurgency and gender-based violence in the Lake Chad region of Cameroon.

2.

Vladimir Slivyak

Russia

For his defence of the environment and for helping to ignite grassroots opposition to the coal and nuclear industries in Russia

3.

Freda Huson

Canada

For her fearless dedication to reclaiming her people’s culture and defending their land against disastrous pipeline projects

4.

Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE)

India

For their innovative legal work empowering communities to protect their resources in the pursuit of environmental democracy in India.


Global Food Security Index 2021

#

Country

#

Country

1.

Ireland

34.

China

2.

Austria

71.

India

3.

United Kingdom

75.

Pakistan

4.

Finland

77.

Sri Lanka

5.

Switzerland

79.

Nepal

 

7 New Defence Companies carved out of Ordnance Factory Board

Dedicated to the nation on Vijayadashmi day

1. Munitions India Limited (MIL)

2. Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited (AVANI)

3. Advanced Weapons and Equipment India Limited (AWE India)

4. Troop Comforts Limited (TCL)

5. Yantra India Limited (YIL)

6. India Optel Limited (IOL) and

7. Gliders India Limited (GIL)


Global Hunger Index 2021

India and its neighbouring countries

 

#

Country

65.

Sri Lanka

71.

Myanmar

76.

Bangladesh & Nepal

92.

Pakistan

101.

India

103.

Afghanistan

 

Henley Passport Index 2021

#

Country

#

Country

1.

Singapore

90.

Tajikistan

1.

Japan

90.

India

2.

Germany

90.

Burkina Faso

2.

South Korea

72.

China

3.

Finland, Italy, Spain & Luxembourg

113.

Pakistan

 

Important Days of October

International Day of Older Persons: 01 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 1991

Theme: Digital Equity for All Ages

International Day of Non-Violence: 02 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2007

World Teachers' Day: 05 October

Established by : UNESCO

Theme: Teachers at the heart of education recovery

First Observed in: 1994

World Habitat Day: 1st Monday of October (04 October)

Designated by: United Nations General Assembly

First observed: 1986

Theme: Accelerating urban action for a carbon-free world

World Post Day: 09 October

Designated by : Universal Postal Union

First Observed in: 1969

Theme: Innovate to Recover

World Mental Health Day: 10 October

Designated by : World Health Organisation

Theme: Mental Health for All: Let's make it a reality

First Observed in: 1992

International Day of the Girl Child: 11 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Digital Generation, Our Generation

First Observed in: 2012

International Day of Disaster Risk Reduction: 13 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: International cooperation for developing countries to reduce their disaster risk and disaster losses

First Observed in: 1989

World Sight Day: 14 October (2nd Thursday of October)

Designated by : International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness

Theme: #Love Your Eyes

First Observed in: 2000

International Day of Rural Women: 15 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Rural Women Cultivating Good Food for All

First Observed in: 2008

World Food Day: 16 October

Designated by : Food and Agricultural Organisation

Theme: Better production, better nutrition, a better environment and a better life

First Observed in: 1980

International Day for Eradication of Poverty: 17 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Building Forward Together: Ending Persistent Poverty, Respecting All People and Our Planet

First Observed in: 1993

World Development Information Day: 24 October

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 1972

United Nations Day: 24 October

The day marks the coming into effect of the UN Charter (the founding document of UNO) in 1945.

This year's UN Day Concert followed a hybrid format with part live and part pre-recorded performances, with a small audience following physical distancing protocols.

Held on Thursday, 21 October 2021, under the theme “Building Back Together for Peace and Prosperity”, the concert was sponsored by the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea to the United Nations.

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage: 27 October

Designated by : UNESCO

Theme: Your window to the world

First Observed in: 2005

World Cities Day: 31 October

Designated by : UN General Assembly

Theme: Better City, Better Life

First Observed in: 2014


Nobel Prizes 2021

#

Field

Winners

Contribution

1.

Medicine
 

David Julius
Ardem Patapoutian

For the discovery of receptors for temperature and touch

2.

Chemistry

Benjamin List
David W.C. MacMillan

For the development asymmetric organocatalysis

3.

Physics

Syukuro Manabe
Klaus Hasselmann

 

 

For the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliable predicting global warming
 

Giorgio Parisi

For the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.

4.

Peace

Maria Ressa
Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov

For their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.

5.

Economic Sciences

David Card
 

For his empirical contributions to labour economics.
 

Joshua D. Angrist

For their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships

Joshua D. Angrist

6.

Literature

Abdulrazak Gurnah

For his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.

 

GI Tags

1. White Onion from Alibaug, Maharashtra

2. Wada Kolam Rice or Jhini Rice from Palghar, Maharashtra

3. Kanyakumar Clove from Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu

4. Karuppur Kalamkari paintings from Karuppur, Tamil Nadu

5. Kalukurruchi Wood carvings from Kalukurruchi, Tamil Nadu

 

Books in News

My Life in Full by Indra Nooyi

The Custodian of Trust - A Banker's Memoir by Rajnish Kumar (former SBI Chairman)


Abbreviations in News

SACRED: Senior Able Citizens for Re-Employment in Dignity


LAST MONTHS G.K.

January 22 : 18, 18, 01

December 21 : 30, 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 22, 21, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 08, 07, 06, 06, 04, 03, 02, 01

November 21 : 20, 18, 18, 18, 17, 17, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 06, 03, 02, 01

October 21 : 24, 23, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 08, 08, 07, 06, 04, 01

September 21 : 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 21 : 11, 10

July 21 : 10, 10, 09, 09, 08, 06, 05, 03, 02, 01

June 21 : 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 21 : 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 17, 17, 14, 13, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

April 21 : 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 05, 03, 02, 01

March 21 : 18, 17, 16, 15, 13, 12, 10, 10, 09, 08, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

February 21 : 27, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 15, 13, 12, 12, 11, 10, 08, 06, 03, 01

January 21 : 27, 25, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05

December 20 : 30, 29, 28, 24, 21, 18, 17, 15, 11, 07, 03, 01

November 20 : 24, 20, 19, 18, 12, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02

October 20 : 31, 30, 29, 29, 27, 26, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 06, 06, 03, 02, 01

September 20 : 30, 29, 29, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 20 : 31, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

July 20 : 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 14, 13, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 06, 04, 03, 02, 01

June 20 : 30, 27, 26, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 18, 17, 16, 13, 12, 11, 10, 09, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 20 : 30, 29, 28, 26, 25, 23, 22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 16, 14, 13, 11, 09, 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 02, 01

April 20 : 30, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 07, 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

March 20 : 31, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 09, 07, 06, 05, 04, 04, 03, 02

February 20 : 29, 28, 28, 26, 25, 24, 21, 20, 19, 18, 11

January 20 : 13