The protests that broke out in Kazakhstan on January 2 over a fuel price hike have snowballed into the biggest political crisis the oil-rich Central Asian country’s leadership has faced in over three decades. Kazakhstan, which broke away from the Soviet Union to become an independent republic in 1991, has been tightly ruled by “strong men” ever since. Nursultan Nazarbayev, the country’s powerful leader, stepped down as President in 2019, but retained an outsize influence over the government of his cherry-picked successor, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. The capital city was named after Mr. Nazarbayev as Nur-Sultan and his statues erected across the country. Unsurprisingly, Mr. Nazarbayev, who embodies the old regime, was the centre of public anger. The protesters, chanting slogans, such as “old man out”, burned his statues. Shaken by the mass gatherings and violence, Mr. Tokayev took a series of swift measures to quell the unrest. He reversed the fuel price hike, sacked his Cabinet and replaced Mr. Nazarbayev as the Security Council’s chair with himself. He has also requested the Russia-led Collective Security Treaty Organization for help. A willing Vladimir Putin, the Russian President, quickly despatched troops.

Not many had foreseen a crisis of this proportion coming. But Kazakhstan has witnessed growing labour and ethnic unrest in recent years. Despite its oil wealth, low salaries and poor working conditions have always been issues. Many hoped that Mr. Tokayev would bring in change. But they saw Mr. Nazarbayev continuing to pull the strings. The pandemic-induced economic slowdown and soaring inflation made matters worse. Public resentment was building up against the ruling elite over the years, and the fuel price hike did just light the fuse, triggering protests first in Zhanaozen, a city in the western Mangystau Region that had seen unrest in the recent past. It spread to other parts of the country quickly, especially to Almaty, the largest city where the mob stormed the Mayor’s office. The protesters, emboldened by the concessions the regime has made, now demand political reforms. For Mr. Tokayev, this is the biggest crisis of his presidency, but also an opportunity. It is a crisis because in a country where the public was taught to adulate their rulers, the violent clashes raise both political and security challenges to the ruling elite. On the other side, it is an opportunity for the President to come out of the shadows of the old regime. The outcome of the current crisis would largely depend on the choices he would make. Dealing with the protests only through force, including with help from Russia — the Belarus model — would not resolve the underlying issues. The other option, the most sensible one, is to reach out to the angry public, hold consultations and build consensus to enter a new social contract with the people of Kazakhstan.

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A

1.           

Vaishno Devi Stampede 12 people were killed. It is in which state/UT?

A.            J&K
B.            Delhi
C.            Uttar Pradesh
D.            Kerala


2.           

Which state govt set to table bill to "free Hindu temples"?

A.            Maharastra
B.            Karnataka
C.            Uttar Pradesh
D.            Kerala

3.           

What is the theme of Global Family Day?

A.            Global Peaceful Day
B.            One Day in Peace
C.            Peaceful Day
D.            One Day in Harmony

4.           

Name the Director-General of ITBP, who has been given the additional charge of Sashastra Seema Bal, another Border Security Force?

A.            Sandeep Masha
B.            Vijay Singh
C.            Sanjay Arora
D.            Sanjay Mehta

5.           

Which bank has become the second-largest merchant-acquisition bank in PoS machines with over two lakh card-swiping machines installed?

A.            Yes Bank
B.            Axis Bank
C.            Indusland Bank
D.            Bank of Baroda

6.           

Which country carries out New Space Launch Amid Nuclear Talks?

A.            Pakistan
B.            Israel
C.            Iran
D.            North Korea

7.           

India send Covid 19 vaccines to which country through Iran?

A.            Afghanistan
B.            Tajikistan
C.            Uzbekistan
D.            Pakistan

8.           

Who has inaugurated the Bina (MP)-Panki (UP) multiproduct pipeline project?

A.            Hardeep Singh Puri
B.            Yogi Adityanath
C.            Narendra Modi
D.            Rajnath Singh

9.           

Konark Sun Temple's Jagmohan to be opened after 118 years. It is in which state?

A.            Arunachal Pradesh
B.            Uttar Pradesh
C.            Odisha
D.            Gujarat

10.         

Which country has launched its first Project 22220 versatile nuclear-powered icebreaker in the series?

A.            Australia
B.            America
C.            Japan
D.            Russia

11.         

A controversy over Cristiano Ronaldo's statue is in which place?

A.            Kolkatta
B.            Mumbai

C.            Goa
D.            Pune

12.         

Vasudevan PN has been re-appointed as MD and CEO of which bank?

A.            Yes Bank
B.            Punjab and Sind Bank
C.            Canara Bank
D.            Equitas Small Finance Bank

13.         

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated and laid the foundation of 23 projects worth 17,500 crore rupees in which city?

A.            Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
B.            Jaipur, Rajasthan
C.            Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
D.            Haldwani, Uttarakhand

14.         

Which state has cut petrol price by 25 Rs for 2-wheelers?

A.            West Bengal
B.            Jharkhand
C.            Odisha
D.            Chhattisgarh

B
 

1.           

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of hydroelectric projects worth Rs 11000 crore in which state?

A.            Maharashtra
B.            Himachal Pradesh
C.            Kerala
D.            Gujarat

 

2.           

Which ITBP director-general will hold the additional charge of another border guarding force SSB?

A.            Umesh Agrawal
B.            Rohit Thakur
C.            Vipin Verma
D.            Sanjay Arora

3.           

Who has been named as one of the brand ambassadors for EaseMyTrip?

A.            Smriti Madhana
B.            Vijay Raaz
C.            Varun Sharma
D.            Both B and C

4.           

Which country has started the world's longest metro line?

A.            Australia
B.            Japan
C.            America
D.            China

5.           

Which IIT has emerged as the best institute under the "CFTIs, Central University, & Institute of National Importance" category in the ARIIA 2021?

A.            IIT Madras
B.            IIT Guwahati
C.            IIT Delhi
D.            IIT Roorkee

6.           

The central government has approved the issuance of the 19th instalment of electoral bonds before the assembly elections in how many states?

A.            3 states
B.            7 states
C.            4 states
D.            5 states

7.           

Which state government has partnered with NPCI and SBI to implement "E-RUPI"?

 

A.            Gujarat government
B.            Government of Punjab
C.            Government of Karnataka
D.            Government of Kerala

8.           

For which language Sahitya Akademi has selected Daya Prakash Sinha for Sahitya Akademi Award 2021?

A.            Tamil
B.            Urdu
C.            Hindi
D.            English

9.           

Which country will be chairing the Counterterrorism Committee in January 2022?

A.            China
B.            Russia
C.            India
D.            USA

10.         

According to ICRA Ltd, what is the estimated GDP growth rate of India for the financial year 2022-2023?

A.            10%
B.            9%
C.            8%
D.            7%

11.         

Which of the following have bagged the national breed conservation award for 2021?

A.            Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology
B.            Kerala Veterinary and Animal Science University
C.            IVRI Bareilly - Indian Veterinary Research Institute
D.            Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science

12.         

Which bank will acquire up to 9.95 per cent stake in IFSC Ltd?

A.            State Bank of India
B.            Canara Bank
C.            Bank of Baroda
D.            Punjab National Bank

13.         

Who has been re-appointed as MD & CEO of Equitas Small Finance Bank Limited?

A.            Sanju Panda
B.            Sanju Rai
C.            Vasudevan Pathangi Narasimhan
D.            Sanju Sharma

14.         

The Indian Army has established the Quantum Lab at the MCTE, in Mhow in which city?

A.            Lucknow
B.            Indore
C.            Ranchi
D.            Varanasi

15.         

PM Modi laid the foundation stone of 23 projects worth over Rs 17,500 crore in which state?

A.            Uttar Pradesh
B.            Uttarakhand
C.            West Bengal
D.            Bihar

16.         

Which country launched its first in the series Project 22220 versatile nuclear-powered icebreaker 'Sibir' to boost India's Arctic Plans via Northern Sea Route?

A.            Russia
B.            USA
C.            China
D.            UK

17.         

The Houston COVID-19 vaccine Corbevax got DCGI approval for use in India. Who is the incumbent Drugs Controller General of India?

A.            K. K. Venugopal
B.            Amit Kumar
C.            Milon K. Banerji
D.            V. G. Somani


18.         

Who has assumed as the Director-General of the ICG?

A.            Virender Singh Pathania
B.            Virender Sharma Pathania
C.            Virender Kumar Pathania
D.            Virender Rai Pathania

19.         

Which of the following informed that 126 tigers have died in India in the year 2021?

A.            Ministry of Tribals
B.            UNESCO
C.            National Tiger Conservation Authority
D.            NITI Aayog


C

1.           

DRDO has selected which company for handing over the technology of border surveillance systems?

A.            Astra Microwave Products
B.            Sika Interplant systems
C.            Paras Defence & Space Technologies
D.            MTAR Technologies


2.           

Which Indian Forest Service officer has been appointed as the Director-General of Forests and Special Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change?

A.            Ashok Bhushan
B.            J. K. Shivan
C.            Pankaj Jain
D.            Chandra Prakash Goyal

 

3.           

Aarti Krishnan, editorial advisor of Business Line, has been included as a member of which committee?

A.            IRDA
B.            SEBI

C.            NITI Aayog
D.            Planning Commission

4.           

The 46th GST Council meeting was called to discuss the GST rate on which sector?

A.            Textile
B.            Oil
C.            Health
D.            Electronics

5.           

China has claimed which Indian state as South Tibet?

A.            Uttarakhand
B.            Arunachal Pradesh
C.            Mizoram
D.            Sikkim

6.           

Which of the following state's Chief Minister has launched 'Kaushal Rozgar Nigam' portal?

A.            Assam
B.            Rajasthan
C.            Haryana
D.            Bihar

7.           

Karnataka government has partnered with the NPCI & which bank to enable and implement the 'e-RUPI'?

A.            Bank of Baroda
B.            State Bank of India
C.            IndusInd Bank
D.            Bandhan Bank

8.           

PM Modi has inaugurated Sawra-Kuddu Hydro Power Project, in which state?

A.            Maharashtra
B.            Uttar Pradesh
C.            Gujarat
D.            Himachal Pradesh

 

9.           

Which bank has announced the launch of 'Green Fixed Deposits'?

A.            Axis Bank
B.            ICICI Bank
C.            HDFC Bank
D.            IndusInd Bank

10.         

Who is the author of the book titled-'Dr V L Dutt: Glimpses of a Pioneer's Life Journey'?

A.            Shantanu Gupta
B.            Rahul Rawail
C.            V L Indira Dutt
D.            SS Oberoi

11.         

Who has been named 'Journalist of the Year' in Redink Awards for Excellence in Journalism 2021?

A.            Saurabh Shukla
B.            Faye D' Souza
C.            Danish Siddiqui
D.            Prem Shankar Jha

12.         

The President of which country Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo has suspended Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Robal from office?

A.            USA
B.            Maldives
C.            New Zealand
D.            Somalia

13.         

In which state the Central Government has approved to host the Khelo India Youth Games 2022-23?

A.            Kerala
B.            Haryana
C.            Madhya Pradesh
D.            Rajasthan

14.         

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched blockchain-based digital degrees at which institute?

 

A.            IIT Roorkee
B.            IIT Bombay
C.            IIT Delhi
D.            IIT Kanpur

15.         

Which country has introduced the world's first dual-mode vehicle?

A.            America
B.            Japan
C.            Germany
D.            Russia

16.         

Who has been appointed as the Deputy National Security Advisor in the National Security Council Secretariat?

A.            Vikram Misri
B.            Rakesh Asthana
C.            Vivek Choudhary
D.            Shyam Prasad

17.         

PM Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of Major Dhyan Chand Sports University in which city?

A.            Meerut
B.            Kanpur
C.            Ranchi
D.            Bhopal

18.         

Who has been appointed as the MD and CEO of UCO Bank?

A.            Arun Kumar Mishra
B.            Soma Sankara Prasad
C.            Ramalingam Sudhakar
D.            M Venugopal

19.         

Khalid Hussain has won the Sahitya Akademi Award 2021 in which language category?

A.            Hindi
B.            Kannada
C.            Punjabi
D.            Bengali

20.         

Which state has topped the Syama Prasad Mookerjee Rurban Mission?

A.            Tamil Nadu
B.            Telangana
C.            Haryana
D.            Karnataka