December GK 2020

 

 

Awards

The non-profit organisation which has been awarded 2020 UN Population Award in the institutional category for raising awareness and devising solutions to the issues faced by the elderly population – Help Age India

The British racing car driver who has been chosen the BBC Sports Personality of the Year 2020 – Lewis Hamilton

The co-founder and CEO of social enterprise Takachar who has been conferred with the Young Champions of the Earth 2020 award by the United Nations Environment Programme – Vidyut Mohan

The Brazilian mathematician who has been awarded the 2020 Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians – Carolina Araujo

The well-known writer and editor who has been chosen for the 2020 Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize for his book The City and the Sea – Raj Kamal Jha

The Indian research institute which has been awarded the International King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award 2020 – Indian Council of Agricultural Research

The Indian origin child scientist who has been named the Kid of the Year by Time magazine – Gitanjali Rao

The government school teacher from Solapur district in Maharashtra who has been awarded the 2020 Global Teacher Award by UK based Varkey Foundation – Ranjitsinh Disale

 

Sports

The Indian cricketers who have been named captains of the ICC Test and ODI Team of the Decade by ICC – Virat Kohli and MS Dhoni

The Serbian tennis player who has been named the ATP Player of the Year 2020 (for a record 6th time) – Novak Djokovic

The English footballer who has been named the FIFA Women's Player of the Year 2020 – Lucy Bronze

The Polish footballer who has been named the FIFA Men's Player of the Year 2020 – Robert Lewandowski

The athletic style of street dancing which has been included as a sport in Olympics from 2024 Paris Games – Breakdancing (Breaking)

The Indian batsman cum wicket-keeper who has announced retirement from all forms of cricket – Parthiv Patel

The Venezuealan athlete who has been named the Female Athlete of the Year 2020 by World Athletics (formerly IAAF) – Yulimar Rojas

The American born Swedish pole-vaulter who has been named the Male Athlete of the Year 2020 by World Athletics (formerly IAAF) – Armand Duplantis

The number of ODI matches in which Virat Kohli has scored 12,000 runs to break the record of Sachin Tendulkar who scored them in 300 matches – 242

 

Persons

The eminent Malayalam poet, conservationist and women's activist who passed away on 23 December 2020 – Smt Sugathakumari

The former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh and former Governor of Uttar Pradesh who passed away on 21.12.2020 – Shri Motilal Vora

The Administrator of Lakshadweep and former IPS officer who passed away on 04 December 2020 – Dineshwar Sharma

The Indian-American physicist also considered the Father of Fibre-Optics who passed away on 04.12.2020 – Narinder Singh Kappany

The owner of leading spices brand MDH and recipient of Padma Bhushan (2019) who passed away on 03.12.2020 – Mahashay Dharampal Gulati

 

Places

The place in Gujarat where the foundation stone of AIIMS was laid through video conferencing by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi – Rajkot

The place at which an advanced Hypersonic Wind Tunnel test facility with capacity to simulate Mach 5 to 12 speeds was inaugurated by Shri Rajnath Singh – Hyderabad

The city which has won the hosting rights for conducting 2030 Asian Games in the election conducted by the Olympic Council of Asia – Doha, Qatar

The Indian state which has been chosen to be the venue of 2023 FIH (International Hockey Federation) Men's Hockey World Cup for the second time in a row – Odisha

The historical fort cities in Madhya Pradesh which have been included in the list of World Heritage Cities by UNESCO – Orchha and Gwalior

 

Railways

The railway station in Uttar Pradesh which has been renamed Ma Barehi Devi Dham – Dandupur

The stations between which Indian Railways' 100th Kisan Rail was flagged off via video conferencing by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi – Sangola (MH) and Shalimar (W.B.)

 

Miscellaneous

India's first pneumococcal conjugate vaccine developed by Serum Institute of India Pvt Ltd is named – Pneumosil

The theme of National Consumer Day being observed on 24 Dec 2020 – The Sustainable Consumer

The Indian business group which has been chosen for ASSOCHAM Enterprise of the Century Award 2020 – TATA Group

The digital payment service launched by India Posts Payment Bank is named – DakPay

The digital platform and mobile app launched by Central Govt for COVID-19 vaccine delivery is named – CO-WIN

The company which has been accorded in-principle approval by IRDAI to acquire Bharti AXA General Insurance – ICICI Lombard

The former Prime Minister of India, in whose honour a commemorative stamp was released on his birth anniversary by the Vice President Shri Venkaiah Naidu – Shri I.K. Gujral

The tropical cyclone in Bay of Bengal which caused widespread rainfall in Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala was named – Cyclone Burevi

 

ICC Awards of the Decade 2011-20

Sir Garfield Sobers Award for ICC Male Cricketer of the Decade - Virat Kohli

Rachael Heyhoe-Flint Award for ICC Female Cricketer of the Decade - Ellyse Perry

ICC Men’s Test Cricketer of the Decade - Steve Smith

ICC Men’s ODI Cricketer of the Decade - Virat Kohli

ICC Women’s ODI Cricketer of the Decade - Ellyse Perry

ICC Men’s T20I Cricketer of the Decade - Rashid Khan

ICC Women’s T20I Cricketer of the Decade - Ellyse Perry

ICC Men’s Associate Cricketer of the Decade - Kyle Coetzer

ICC Women’s Associate Cricketer of the Decade - Kathryn Bryce

ICC Spirit of Cricket Award of the Decade - MS Dhoni

 

Launch of PSLV C-50

Launched from: Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota

Launched on: 17.12.2020

Satellite launched: Communication satellite CMS-01

 

Human Freedom Index 2020

Released by Cato Institute, USA and Fraser Institute, Canada

Rank

Country

Rank

Country

1.

New Zealand

92.

Nepal

2.

Switzerland

111.

India

3.

Hong Kong

129.

China

4.

Denmark

139.

Bangladesh

5.

Australia

140.

Pakistan

 

Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY) to boost employment in formal sector and incentivize creation of new employment opportunities during the Covid recovery phase under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package 3.0.

The salient features of the Scheme are as under:

1. Government of India will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new employees engaged on or after 1st October, 2020 and upto 30th June, 2021.

2. Government of India will pay both 12% employees' contribution and 12% employers' contribution i.e. 24% of wages towards EPF in respect of new employees in establishments employing upto 1000 employees for two years,

3. Government of India will pay only employees' share of EPF contribution i.e. 12% of wages in respect of new employees in establishments employing more than 1000 employee for two years.

4. An employee drawing monthly wage of less than Rs. 15000/- who was not working in any establishment registered with the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) before 1st October, 2020 and did not have a Universal Account Number or EPF Member account number prior to 1st October 2020 will be eligible for the benefit.

5. Any EPF member possessing Universal Account Number (UAN) drawing monthly wage of less than Rs. 15000/- who made exit from employment during Covid pandemic from 01.03.2020 to 30.09.2020 and did not join employment in any EPF covered establishment up to 30.09.2020 will also be eligible to avail benefit.

6. EPFO will credit the contribution in Aadhaar seeded account of members in electronic manner.

7. EPFO shall develop a software for the scheme and also develop a procedure which is transparent and accountable at their end.

8. EPFO shall work out modality to ensure that there is no overlapping of benefits provided under ABRY with any other scheme implemented by EPFO 5

 

Important Days of December

World AIDS Day: 01 December 2020

Designated by: World Health Organisation

Theme: Global Solidarity, Resilient Services

First Observed in: 1988

 

International Day of Persons with Disabilities: 03 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Building back better: towards an inclusive, accessible and sustainable post COVID-19 world by, for and with persons with disabilities

First Observed in: 1992

International Volunteer Day: 05 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Together We Can Through Volunteering

First Observed in: 1986

World Soil Day: 05 December 2020

First launched by : International Union of Soil Sciences (2002)

Endorsed by : Food and Agricultural Organisation (Jun 2013)

Accepted by : United Nations General Assembly (Dec 2013)

Theme: Keep soil alive, Protect soil biodiversity

International Civil Aviation Day: 07 December 2020

Established by : International Civil Aviation Organisation (1994)

Adopted by : United Nations General Assembly (1996)

Theme (upto 2023): Advancing Innovation for Global Aviation Development

International Anti Corruption Day: 09 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2003

Theme: RECOVER with INTEGRITY

United Nations Human Rights Day: 10 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Recover Better - Stand Up for Human Rights

First Observed in: 1948

International Mountains Day: 11 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Mountain Biodiversity

First Observed in: 2003

International Universal Health Coverage Day: 12 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Protect Everyone

First Observed in: 2017

International Migrants Day: 18 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Reimagining Human Mobility

First Observed in: 2000

International Human Solidarity Day: 20 December 2020

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2006

 

Indigenous Games included in Khelo India Youth Games 2021

#

Games

Native to State

1.

Gatka

Punjab

2.

Kalaripayattu

Kerala

3.

Thang Ta

Manipur

4.

Mallakhamba

Maharashtra

 

Note: The Sports Ministry has formally recognised Yogasana as a competitive sport which will enable it to avail government funding.

 

Human Development Index 2020

As per Human Development Report released by UNDP

Rank

Country

Rank

Country

1.

Norway

85.

China

2.

Ireland

129.

Bhutan

2.

Switzerland

131.

India

4.

Hong Kong

133.

Bangladesh

4.

Iceland

142.

Nepal

6.

Germany

154.

Pakistan

 

India Sports Awards 2020 by FICCI

Male Sportsperson of the Year 2020: Bajrang Poonia, Wrestler

Female Sportsperson of Year 2020: Elavenil Valarivan, Shooter

Best Sports Promoting State: Madhya Pradesh and Assam

Lifetime Achievement Award: Manjusha Kanwar, Badminton player

Best Company Promoting Sports (Public Sector): Air Force Sports Control Board

 

Forbes 2020 - World's 100 Most Powerful Women

Rank

Country

1.

Ms Angela Merkel, German Chancellor

2.

Ms Christine Lagarde, President of European Central Bank

3.

Ms Kamal Harris, US Vice-President elect

41.

Ms Nirmala Sitharaman, Indian Finance Minister

55.

Ms Roshni Nadar Malhotra, HCL Technologies

68.

Ms Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, Biocon

 

Time Magazine's Persons of the Year

Person of the Year 2020: Joe Biden and Kamala Harris

Athlete of the Year 2020: LeBron James, US basketball player

Entertainer of the Year 2020: BTS South Korean boy band

 

Books in News

40 years with Abdul Kalam by Dr. A. Sivathanu Pillai

The City and the Sea by Raj Kamal Jha

COVID-19: Sabhyata ka Sankat aur Samadhan by Kailash Satyarthi

 

Abbreviations in News

NETRA: NEtwork for space object TRacking and Analysis


LAST MONTHS G.K.

November 21 : 20, 18, 18, 18, 17, 17, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 08, 06, 03, 02, 01

October 21 : 30, 24, 23, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 08, 08, 07, 06, 04, 01

September 21 : 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 21 : 11, 10

July 21 : 10, 10, 09, 09, 08, 06, 05, 03, 02, 01

June 21 : 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 21 : 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 17, 17, 14, 13, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

April 21 : 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 05, 03, 02, 01

March 21 : 18, 17, 16, 15, 13, 12, 10, 10, 09, 08, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

February 21 : 27, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 15, 13, 12, 12, 11, 10, 08, 06, 03, 01

January 21 : 27, 25, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05

December 20 : 30, 29, 28, 24, 21, 18, 17, 15, 11, 07, 03, 01

November 20 : 24, 20, 19, 18, 12, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02

October 20 : 31, 30, 29, 29, 27, 26, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 15, 14, 13, 12, 10, 09, 08, 08, 07, 06, 06, 03, 02, 01

September 20 : 30, 29, 29, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 12, 11, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

August 20 : 31, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 10, 08, 07, 06, 05, 04, 03, 01

July 20 : 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 14, 13, 10, 09, 09, 08, 07, 06, 04, 03, 02, 01

June 20 : 30, 27, 26, 24, 23, 22, 20, 19, 18, 18, 17, 16, 13, 12, 11, 10, 09, 06, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01

May 20 : 30, 29, 28, 26, 25, 23, 22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 16, 14, 13, 11, 09, 08, 07, 07, 05, 04, 02, 01

April 20 : 30, 28, 27, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 11, 10, 09, 08, 07, 07, 07, 04, 03, 02, 01

March 20 : 31, 27, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 19, 18, 17, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 09, 07, 06, 05, 04, 04, 03, 02

February 20 : 29, 28, 28, 26, 25, 24, 21, 20, 19, 18, 11

January 20 : 13